To have a perfect and healthy pregnancy, pregnant women need to take care of their health right before and during pregnancy. Dinhduongbabau.net shares to mothers the most basic knowledge to have a healthy and safe pregnancy, Mom!
When pregnant for the first 3 months
The first 3 months are a difficult and dangerous time for women and their unborn babies. At this time, pregnancy causes hormones in the body to change which is the cause of symptoms such as nausea, tiredness, headache. This is the period of morning sickness that most pregnant women encounter during the 3 months of pregnancy head.
Besides, in the first 3 months, when the uterus is not pushed, it should leave the pelvis. Therefore, the mother can feel urinating and lose sleep. Mood also changes erratically, sometimes sleepy, sometimes insomnia. When excited but sometimes feel anxious. These are just hormonal changes in the body.
During the first 3 months of pregnancy, the mother should exercise gently. Because at this time the fetus is not stable, strong or excessive exercise can cause miscarriage.
Folic acid should be supplemented during this period to reduce the risk of neural tube defects. Eat foods rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, calcium, iron, magnesium, …
Mothers should also have prenatal check-ups when they are 6 weeks old. An ultrasound helps the doctor keep track of the fetal beat. You should check whether the fetus has implanted in the uterus. The time of weeks 11 – 13 is very important. Pregnant mothers should note that this is the best time to measure the nuchal translucency to predict some chromosomal abnormalities and the possibility of birth defects.
Pregnancy has never been easy, especially during the first 3 months of a sensitive time. The mother should keep her mentally comfortable, positive thinking because the mother’s spirit will directly affect the fetus. So what you need to know during the first 3 months of pregnancy will help pregnant women feel more confident and secure when entering this stage.
When pregnant 3 months between
After finishing the first 3 months of the morning, tired, this is the time when pregnant women can relax with travel and entertainment to help both mother and baby to get more energy. You can apply gentle exercise to help your body be healthier. Here are some things to know when pregnant between 3 months pregnant mothers should note:
During the period of 3 months between pregnant women should provide enough nutrients for the fetus to develop comprehensively. Should add fat from nuts such as almonds, peanuts, olives, … very good for brain development. Besides, eat lots of green vegetables and fruits to avoid constipation.
The time of fetus at 21 – 24 weeks is an extremely important period that a pregnant woman should go for a pregnancy check-up. Fetal ultrasound helps doctors detect abnormalities such as cleft palate, congenital heart defects, ventricular dilatation, hydrocephalus, etc.
Mothers need to be vaccinated against tetanus during this period. This vaccine will help prevent disease for both mother and baby.
During the last 3 months of pregnancy
When pregnant in the last 3 months, the mother’s body was much heavier than the previous months. Pregnant women can increase an average of 10 – 15 kg, leg swelling makes movement difficult. On the other hand, this time the fetus in the big belly makes the belly protrude higher. It can compress on the heart and lungs so sometimes the pregnant mother will feel hard to breathe.
This is considered the “sprint” period of the pregnant mother, so she should add about 2000 kilograms of calories each day. The nutrition of the last 3 months of pregnancy is especially important because it not only helps supplement the nutrients for the fetus but also helps the pregnant women have the energy to overcome their success.
In order to have enough nutrients, pregnant women should supplement a variety of foods, especially protein-rich types such as meat, cow’s milk, sunflower, pumpkin seeds, … Protein is not only necessary for the development of It is also a nutrient that helps support the secretion of milk from the mother’s mammary glands.
From the 27th week to the 35th week of pregnancy, pregnant women should have their prenatal checkups every 2 weeks, this helps the doctor to track the condition of the pregnancy better. At 30 – 33 weeks, ultrasound will help doctors monitor umbilical artery Doppler, brain arteries, check the amniotic fluid, …
Pregnancy is important for every mother because a small miscarriage affects both the mother and the baby in the womb. Remembering things to know during pregnancy helps pregnant women have good health, ensure the fetus develops healthily. To ensure that pregnant women should visit reliable health facilities for routine check-ups and antenatal care visits.